1) What is Stopping a Promising Attack (SPA)?
2) What is Denying an Obvious Goal-Scoring Opportunity (DOGSO)?
2) What are the relevant criteria to penalize a player for SPA or
DOGSO? Where are the differences between both types of offenses?
3) How to create consistency in terms of SPA and DOGSO?
4) Discuss the role of co-operation and communication.
Law 12: The cautionable offense
Stopping a Promising Attack is rather a UEFA terminology which does
not exist in FIFA's and the IFAB's lawbook. Instead of SPA, Law 12
considers it as a "foul for the tactical purpose of interfering with
or breaking up a promising attack" to be classified as unsporting
behavior requiring a yellow card. Based on UEFA's guidelines, such a
"foul" also includes offenses like deliberately handling the ball
when it prevents the opponent taking up an advantageous position or
when it prevents a promising attacking move to develop.
Denying an Obvious Goal-Scoring Opportunity (or even denying a goal)
is a sending-off offense and thus must be sanctioned with a red
card. It includes infringements "denying an obvious goalscoring
opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player's goal by an
offense punishable by a free-kick or a penalty kick", such as
tackles, holding offenses but also deliberately handling the ball.
VIDEOS FOR REVIEW SPA AND DOGSO FOR